# Arithmetic and logical binary operators in c++

Retrieved from " https: Here is a simple program which takes a no. The bitwise XOR exclusive or performs a logical XOR function, which is equivalent to adding two bits and discarding the carry. Bitwise AND passed, was:

For its operation, it requires two operands. Following program shows logical operators in action: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Consider the expressions below: This is because a logical operator must treat any nonzero value the same. The number following the operator decides the number of places the bits are shifted i.

It shifts each bit in its left operand to the right. Its result is a 1 if arithmetic and logical binary operators in c++ of the either bits is 1 and zero only when both bits are 0. It shifts each bit in its left-hand operand to the left by the number of positions indicated by the right-hand operand. Instead of performing on individual bits, byte-level operators perform on strings of eight bits known as bytes at a time. If condition is true, a is returned else b is returned.

Following program illustrates the behaviour of relational operators:. In the C programming languageoperations can be performed on a bit level using bitwise operators. Logical operators consider zero false and any nonzero value true. Following program illustrates the use of conditional operator: Views Read Edit View history.

You might have noticed that all decimal numbers are represented using 8 bits 1 Octet but in the system memory it is stored as a sequence of multiple octets 4 in case of 32 bit systems. The most significant bit of the first arithmetic and logical binary operators in c++ is 1 and that of the second number is also 1 so the most significant bit of the result is 1; in the second most significant bit, the bit of second number is zero, so we have the result as 0. Conditional Operator returns a value depending on a condition.

However, logical operators treat each operand as having only one value, either true or false, rather than treating each bit of an operand as an independent value. Bitwise AND passed, was: It works opposite to that of right shift operator.

Each of the compound bitwise assignment operators perform the appropriate binary operation and store the result in the left operand. The bitwise AND operator is a single ampersand: Consider the expressions below: C provides six operators for bit manipulation.

Please note that some of the expressions in which a variable is present in both sides can be written as:. Following program demonstrates the behaviour of postfix and prefix operators: Logical operators consider zero false and any nonzero value true.